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Type of sarees in India

Type of Sarees in India

In India, Saari not only a symbol of fashion but also a symbol of grace. Each state here has its specialty in type of sarees. Saree comes under the category of ethnic and traditional wear.

We, Indian women, are wearing sarees for centuries. It is garment wear by all class of the society here, be it middle poor or rich upper class.

In addition to that, We women look more beautiful and gorgeous in sarees. Sarees are the main point of attraction in any wedding or a traditional occasion in India.

Undoubtedly, Saree is the most versatile wear in Indian clothes. Although, It comes in fixed width and length, still, anybody can drape it, regardless of their body structure.

Saree comes in the range of hundred rupees to no upper limit, Yes you read it right no upper limit. The price of sarees depends on the weaving method and the type of material used.

Although, yes, there are ways you can save money on online saree shopping.

The most expensive silk saree officially recorded in Guinness book of the world record sold for Rs. 3,931,627 ($100,021) on 5 January 2008 made by Chennai Silks, India. It features reproductions of 11 paintings by the Raja Ravi Varma. Click To Tweet

In addition to that, The main image was a reproduction of Ravi Varma’s famous Galaxy of Musicians. The sari took a total of 4760 hours to produce.

Not only, Saree comes from a different range of price but also in several varieties and fabrics, common are cotton, silk, georgette, and Chiffon.

In this post, I will mainly discuss the cotton and silk type of sarees. This post would also be as informative as our previous post on how to choose curtain and drapes. So let’s start now:

Banarasi sarees:

A Banarasi saree is from the holy city of Varanasi, Old name of this city was Benares or Banaras.

Banarasi silk sarees are one of the best sarees in India considering their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk, and opulent embroidery.

This type of sarees are finely woven silk sarees and come under the category of heavy sarees considering their intricate design, engravings, and pattern.

The patterns on Banarasi type of saree are usually leaves, gold weavings, a figure with small details, metallic visual effects.

So, Depending on the intricacy of its designs and patterns, it can take a few days to months to complete.

There are four main varieties of Banarasi saree, which include pure silk (Katan), Organza (Kora) with Zari and silk, Georgette, and Shattir.

Considering the heavy work done on these sarees, these are also perfect for the Indian bride’s trousseau or if you are attending any wedding.

Silk Type of Sarees

Chanderi sarees

These sarees are from the Chander region in Madhya Pradesh, which is on the boundary of state, Malwa, and Bundelkhand.

The tradition of Chanderi Saris began in the 13th century when around 1350, Koshti weavers from Jhansi migrated to Chanderi and settled there.

Chanderi sarees are pure silk, cotton, and silk cotton lightweight sarees. These sarees are engraved with Zari work and embroidery of jute threads. Chanderi sarees have beautiful patterns of temples, peacocks, fruits, and flowers.

Chikan Saree or Chikankari type of Sarees:

Chikan embroidered sarees from Lucknow are very famous all over. Chikankari is a patterned work of embroidery on the fabric using different kinds of threads and stitches.

Initially, Chikan embroidery only had white threads on an opaque muslin cloth. Nowadays, It also involves the use of multicolor.

Patola Saree from Gujarat

Patal Patola sarees are hand-woven silk sarees from the Patan, Gujarat. Patolas are double ikat sarees, Manufactured by the resist-dyeing process using the warp & weft technique.

Undoubtedly, Patola sarees are expensive sarees, once only worn by royal and aristocratic families. Considering the high price, these Sarees have a niche market and are famous among those who can afford it.

The craft of weaving them rests exclusively with three Salvi families in Patan, who manufacture Patolas for royalty and aristocracy.

Generally, One Patola sarees weaving can take six months to a year due to the long process of dying each strand separately before weaving them together.

Patola sarees have beautiful designs and patterns of parrots, flowers, elephants, dancing, and other figures.

Kanjivaram saree

Kanjeevaram silk sarees are famous sarees from Kanchipuram town in Tamil Nadu. Kanjeevaram Saree’s other popular name is Kanjivaram sarees and Kancheepuram sarees.

Kanjivaram sarees are the finest and soft silk sarees that not only come in vivid and vibrant colors but also have graciously designed contrast borders.

Weavers use pure mulberry silk thread for weaving Kanjivaram silk sarees. The silk used in Kanjivaram silk saree comes from South India and the zari from Gujarat.

In addition to that, The silk base is thicker than any other silk saree, which makes it expensive silk sarees in India.

In a genuine Kanchipuram silk sari, the body and border are woven separately and interlocked strongly together that even if the sarees tears, they will not detach.

Kanchivaram types of sarees are worn as bridal & special occasion sarees by most women in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh.

The most common motifs in Kanjeevaram sarees are Peacock, floral, parrot, and temple. Borders also have paintings showing scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata.

Pochampally ikkat Saree from Telangana

Pochampalli Ikkat or Pochampally Sarees are from Bhoodan Pochampally in the Telangana State. Telangana is one of the ancient Ikat weaving centers in India, along with Gujarat and Odisha.

Ikat or Ikkat technique is a tying and dying method of binding individual or bundles of yarns, tight wrapping applied in the desired patterns.

Generally, the fabric used in the making of Pochampalli Ikat Sarees is cotton, silk, and a mix of silk and cotton.

Sambalpuri Saree

Sambalpuri Saree or Sambalpuri Ikkat Saree is a traditional Handloom saree, produced in Sambalpur and the nearby district of Odisha.

Fabrics reflect an original style of craft known as Baandha, which is created using a  Tie-dye technique.

For making Sambalpuri Saree using this technique, weavers tie the yarn according to the desired patterns to prevent the absorption of dyes and dye it before weaving it into a fabric.

The unique feature of the Ikkat form of designing is that the designs reflect almost identically on both sides of the fabric. After dyeing, it is never bleach into another color.

Hence, This versatile technique enables colorful designs, patterns, and images into a fabric capable of inspiring a thought or conveying a message.

Sambalpuri sarees are famous for their beautiful motifs like Shankha (shell), chakra (wheel), Phula (flower). Varieties of the Sambalpuri sari include Sonepuri, Pasapali, Bomkai, Barpali, and Bapta saris.

Kasavu Saree from Kerala:

Kasavu saree or Kerala traditional saree is a handwoven off-white or cream color saree which have golden-colored borders or a broad zari border, known as Kasavu.

This sari is pure cotton saris, which give a simple and traditional look. Women from Kerala wear Kesavu Sarees on religious ceremonies and occasions such as Onam festivals.

Cotton Plants

Paithani Saree from Maharashtra

It got its name from Paithan town in Aurangabad, Maharashtra. Weavers weave it by hand and use pure silk and Zari of gold.

Paithani type of Saree generally has borders of an oblique square design and a pallu with a Peacock design.

The borders of Paithani Saree also have beautiful designs like an elephant, trees, paisley, flowers, and even the art from Ajanta Ellora caves.

In Peshwas times, Pure gold mixed with copper was used in borders and pallu to give it strength.

Bandhani saree or Bhadhej type of Sarees:

Bhandhej or Bandhani Sarees are from Rajasthan and Gujarat. People believe that wearing a bandhani saree brings a good future to the bride.

The word Bandhani is from the Hindi word Bandhan meaning tying up. So, as the name suggests, Bandhani is a tie and dye process.

Hence, Bhandhej Saree making involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points to make a variety of pattern.

In addition to that, Weavers apply dye by hand to make the best colors and combinations. The patterns inscribed in this saree are usually dots, squares, waves, and strips.

Jamdani saree or Dhakai type of Sarees

It is a muslin textile of Bengal, weaves using a mixture of cotton and gold thread. Hence, Jamdani is a cotton fabric, historically referred to as muslin.

Dhakai sarees have beautiful motifs inspired by things in nature, such as flora, fauna, and traditional Bengali designs known as Alpana.

Unquestionably, It is one of the most time and labor-intensive forms of handloom weaving and is one of the best varieties of muslin and the most artistic textile of Bangladeshi weavers.

Dhakai Saree’s name comes after the city of Dhaka. One of the famous places for Jamdani Saree is South Rupshi of Narayanganj district in Bangladesh.

In 2016, Bangladesh received geographical indication (GI) status for Jamdani Sari.

Kalamkari saree

The term Kalamkari is a Persian word which is from the words Kalam (pen) and Kari (craftmanship), meaning drawing with a pen. So, Kalamkari is a type of hand or block-print cotton textile.

Kalamkari sarees are from the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. There are two distinctive styles of kalamkari art in India – Srikalahasti style and the Machilipatnam style.

The Srikalahasti Kalamkari style is entirely handwork style and based on ancient art. In this style, Kalamkars use “kalam” or pen for both drawings of outlines and filling colors.

However, In Machilipatnam Kalamkari style, Kalamkars draw outlines using blocks and fill color by hand or blocks. Kalamkari Sarees have only the use of natural dyes in their making.

This style flowered around temples and their patronage and so these sarees have temple hangings, chariot banners, deities, and scenes taken from the Ramayana, Mahabharata, Purana, and the mythological classics.

Kalamkari types of Sarees also commonly have elegantly crafted and beautiful pictures of peacocks and flowers.


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